您好,欢迎来到学长源码!
热门推荐: html模板 网站模板 magento主题 织梦模板 微信小程序 h5小游戏 Linux教程 源码教程 数据库教程 Magento 2文档 android教程 IOS教程 DedeCMS文档 微信开发

JSP源码

C#源码

企业网站

bootstrap导航栏.nav与.navbar的使用与区别解析

分类:HTML/CSS教程 来源:网络收集 发布:学长源码 时间:2017-11-27

bootstrap导航栏.nav与.navbar的使用与区别解析,导航栏是一个很好的功能,是 Bootstrap 网站的一个突出特点。导航栏在您的应用或网站中作为导航页头的响应式基础组件。导航栏在移动设备的视图中是折叠的,随着可用视口宽度的增加,导航栏也会水平展开。在 Bootstrap 导航栏的核心中,导航栏包括了站点名称和基本的导航定义样式。

一、简单的ul,li组成的导航:

<ul class="nav nav-pills justify-content-center bg-dark nav-dark">
    <li class="nav-item">
      <a href="#" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" class="nav-link">1</a>
    </li>
    <li class="nav-item">
      <a href="#" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" class="nav-link">2</a>
    </li>
    <li class="nav-item">
      <a href="#" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" class="nav-link">3</a>
    </li>
  </ul>

 

//解析:.nav .nav-item .nav-link表示ul li是导航——.nav-pills表示胶囊状导航——.bg-dark/.nav-dark表示黑底白字——.justify-content-center表示导航栏在浏览器上居中显示

在浏览器上显示为:

缩小浏览器窗口显示为:

二、导航栏——<nav>标签中class=”navbar navbar-expand-sm”——<ul>中class=”navbar-nav”——<li>中class=”nav-item”

代码为:

<nav class="navbar navbar-expand-sm bg-dark navbar-dark">
  <ul class="navbar-nav">
    <li class="nav-item active">
      <a href="#" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" class="nav-link">link1</a>
    </li>
    <li class="nav-item">
      <a href="#" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" class="nav-link">link1</a>
    </li>
    <li class="nav-item">
      <a href="#" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" class="nav-link">link1</a>
    </li>
    <li class="nav-item">
      <a href="#" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" class="nav-link">link1</a>
    </li>  
  </ul>
</nav>

正常窗口显示为:

 缩小窗口小于576px时:

三、折叠导航栏

当窗口小于576px的时候,不仅仅是简单的编程垂直导航;显示为一个button按钮,导航链接隐藏,点击button显示;

代码为:

<nav class="navbar navbar-expand-sm bg-dark navbar-dark fixed-top">
  <a href="#" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" class="navbar-brand">
      <img src="" alt="logo" style="width:70px;height:30px;">
  </a>
  <button class="navbar-toggler" type="button" data-toggle="collapse" data-target="#collapsible">
    <span class="navbar-toggler-icon"></span>
  </button>
  <div class="collapse navbar-collapse" id="collapsible">
  <ul class="navbar-nav">
    <li class="nav-item active">
      <a href="#" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" class="nav-link">link1</a>
    </li>
    <li class="nav-item">
      <a href="#" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" class="nav-link">link1</a>
    </li>
    <li class="nav-item">
      <a href="#" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" class="nav-link">link1</a>
    </li>
    <li class="nav-item">
      <a href="#" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" class="nav-link">link1</a>
    </li>  
  </ul>
  
</nav>

//注意:.navbar-brand是品牌logo;

窗口大于576的时候,显示为:

 

窗口小于576的时候,显示为:

四、导航栏加上form表单表示搜索框:【?????】

代码如下:

<nav class="navbar navbar-expand-sm bg-dark navbar-dark fixed-top">
  <a href="#" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" class="navbar-brand">
      <img src="" alt="logo" style="width:70px;height:30px;">
  </a>
  <button class="navbar-toggler" type="button" data-toggle="collapse" data-target="#collapsible">
    <span class="navbar-toggler-icon"></span>
  </button>
  <div class="collapse navbar-collapse" id="collapsible">
  <ul class="navbar-nav">
    <li class="nav-item active">
      <a href="#" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" class="nav-link">link1</a>
    </li>
    <li class="nav-item">
      <a href="#" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" class="nav-link">link1</a>
    </li>
    <li class="nav-item">
      <a href="#" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" class="nav-link">link1</a>
    </li>
    <li class="nav-item">
      <a href="#" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" class="nav-link">link1</a>
    </li>  
  </ul>
  <form class="form-inline">
        <div class="input-group">
          <span class="input-group-addon">@</span>
          <input list="dl" type="text" class="form-control" placeholder="Search"/>
          <datalist id="dl">
            <option value="IE"></option>
            <option value="Firefox"></option>
            <option value="chrome"></option>
            <option value="safari"></option>
          </datalist>
        </div>
        
        <button class="btn btn-success" type="submit">search</button>
      </form>
</nav>

如图所示,如何使得导航栏中的form表单右对齐,移到最右边?????float:eight应该也行吧。。

emmmm…..知道了上面的解决方法了:利用网格系统,将左边的ul,li和右边的form表单分别排列;.col-sm-6;然后再给form表单右浮动;

代码如下:

<div class="container-fluid">
  <div class="row">
    <!-- 导航栏 -->
    <nav class="navbar fixed-top navbar-expand-sm bg-dark navbar-dark">
      <div class="col-lg-4">
      <ul class="navbar-nav">
        <li class="nav-item">
          <a class="nav-link" href="#" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" >link1</a>
        </li>
        <li class="nav-item">
          <a class="nav-link" href="#" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" >link2</a>
        </li>
        <li class="nav-item">
          <a class="nav-link" href="#" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" rel="external nofollow" >link3</a>
        </li>
      </ul>
      </div>
<!-- 导航栏表单与按钮 -->
    <div class="col-lg-8">
      <form class="form-inline" style="float:right;">
        <div class="input-group">
          <span class="input-group-addon">@</span>
          <input list="dl" type="text" class="form-control" placeholder="Search"/>
          <datalist id="dl">
            <option value="IE"></option>
            <option value="Firefox"></option>
            <option value="chrome"></option>
            <option value="safari"></option>
          </datalist>
          <button class="btn btn-success" type="submit">search</button>
        </div>              
      </form>
      </div>      
    </nav>
    </div>
      </div>

转载请注明:学长源码 » bootstrap导航栏.nav与.navbar的使用与区别解析

上一篇 下一篇

图文推荐