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linux系统用yum命令安装MongoDB的方法教程

分类:MongoDB教程 来源:网络收集 发布:学长源码 时间:2017-10-19

MongoDB 是一个介于关系数据库和非关系数据库之间的产品,是非关系数据库当中功能最丰富,最像关系数据库的。MongoDB是深受广大开源爱好者支持和研究的NoSQL数据库之一,它基于灵活的JSON文档方式,非常适合敏捷开发,其高可用功能强大,支持水平扩展等众多关键特性。一如其简约而不简单的MySQL一样,安装起来也非常方便,支持源码编译安装,rpm安装以及yum安装等众多方式。本文主要讲述在CentOS 7下用yum方式快速安装MongoDB的方法,下面来一起看看吧。

一、安装环境及配置yum

# more /etc/redhat-release 
CentOS Linux release 7.2.1511 (Core)

# vi /etc/yum.repos.d/mongodb-org-3.2.repo 
[mongodb-org-3.2]
name=MongoDB Repository
baseurl=https://repo.mongodb.org/yum/redhat/$releasever/mongodb-org/3.2/x86_64/
gpgcheck=1
enabled=1
gpgkey=https://www.mongodb.org/static/pgp/server-3.2.asc

二、安装MongoDB

# yum -y install mongodb-org 
Loaded plugins: fastestmirror, langpacks   
base        | 3.6 kB 00:00:00 
epel/x86_64/metalink      | 5.2 kB 00:00:00 
extras        | 3.4 kB 00:00:00 
mongodb-org-3.2       | 2.5 kB 00:00:00 
updates        | 3.4 kB 00:00:00 
mongodb-org-3.2/7/primary_db     | 50 kB 00:00:03 
Loading mirror speeds from cached hostfile
 * base: mirrors.aliyun.com
 * epel: mirrors.tuna.tsinghua.edu.cn
 * extras: mirrors.aliyun.com
 * updates: mirrors.aliyun.com
Resolving Dependencies
--> Running transaction check
---> Package mongodb-org.x86_64 0:3.2.10-1.el7 will be installed
--> Processing Dependency: mongodb-org-tools = 3.2.10 for package: mongodb-org-3.2.10-1.el7.x86_64
--> Processing Dependency: mongodb-org-shell = 3.2.10 for package: mongodb-org-3.2.10-1.el7.x86_64
--> Processing Dependency: mongodb-org-server = 3.2.10 for package: mongodb-org-3.2.10-1.el7.x86_64
--> Processing Dependency: mongodb-org-mongos = 3.2.10 for package: mongodb-org-3.2.10-1.el7.x86_64
--> Running transaction check
---> Package mongodb-org-mongos.x86_64 0:3.2.10-1.el7 will be installed
---> Package mongodb-org-server.x86_64 0:3.2.10-1.el7 will be installed
---> Package mongodb-org-shell.x86_64 0:3.2.10-1.el7 will be installed
---> Package mongodb-org-tools.x86_64 0:3.2.10-1.el7 will be installed
--> Finished Dependency Resolution

Dependencies Resolved

===================================================================================================
 Package     Arch Version  Repository  Size
===================================================================================================
Installing:
 mongodb-org     x86_64 3.2.10-1.el7 mongodb-org-3.2 5.8 k
Installing for dependencies:
 mongodb-org-mongos    x86_64 3.2.10-1.el7 mongodb-org-3.2 5.6 M
 mongodb-org-server    x86_64 3.2.10-1.el7 mongodb-org-3.2 12 M
 mongodb-org-shell    x86_64 3.2.10-1.el7 mongodb-org-3.2 6.7 M
 mongodb-org-tools    x86_64 3.2.10-1.el7 mongodb-org-3.2 41 M

Transaction Summary
===================================================================================================
Install 1 Package (+4 Dependent packages)

Total download size: 65 M
Installed size: 201 M
Downloading packages:
warning: /var/cache/yum/x86_64/7/mongodb-org-3.2/packages/mongodb-org-3.2.10-1.el7.x86_64.rpm: 
 Header V3 RSA/SHA1 Signature, key ID ea312927: NOKEY ] 
Public key for mongodb-org-3.2.10-1.el7.x86_64.rpm is not installed
(1/5): mongodb-org-3.2.10-1.el7.x86_64.rpm     | 5.8 kB 00:00:04 
(2/5): mongodb-org-server-3.2.10-1.el7.x86_64.rpm    | 12 MB 00:00:11 
(3/5): mongodb-org-shell-3.2.10-1.el7.x86_64.rpm    | 6.7 MB 00:00:06 
(4/5): mongodb-org-tools-3.2.10-1.el7.x86_64.rpm    | 41 MB 00:00:36 
(5/5): mongodb-org-mongos-3.2.10-1.el7.x86_64.rpm    | 5.6 MB 00:03:28 
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Total        322 kB/s | 65 MB 00:03:28 
Retrieving key from https://www.mongodb.org/static/pgp/server-3.2.asc
Importing GPG key 0xEA312927:
 Userid : "MongoDB 3.2 Release Signing Key <packaging@mongodb.com>"
 Fingerprint: 42f3 e95a 2c4f 0827 9c49 60ad d68f a50f ea31 2927
 From : https://www.mongodb.org/static/pgp/server-3.2.asc
Running transaction check
Running transaction test
Transaction test succeeded
Running transaction
 Installing : mongodb-org-tools-3.2.10-1.el7.x86_64     1/5 
 Installing : mongodb-org-mongos-3.2.10-1.el7.x86_64     2/5 
 Installing : mongodb-org-shell-3.2.10-1.el7.x86_64     3/5 
 Installing : mongodb-org-server-3.2.10-1.el7.x86_64     4/5 
 Installing : mongodb-org-3.2.10-1.el7.x86_64      5/5 
 Verifying : mongodb-org-server-3.2.10-1.el7.x86_64     1/5 
 Verifying : mongodb-org-3.2.10-1.el7.x86_64      2/5 
 Verifying : mongodb-org-shell-3.2.10-1.el7.x86_64     3/5 
 Verifying : mongodb-org-mongos-3.2.10-1.el7.x86_64     4/5 
 Verifying : mongodb-org-tools-3.2.10-1.el7.x86_64     5/5

Installed:
 mongodb-org.x86_64 0:3.2.10-1.el7                      

Dependency Installed:
 mongodb-org-mongos.x86_64 0:3.2.10-1.el7 #Author : Leshami 
 mongodb-org-server.x86_64 0:3.2.10-1.el7 #Blog : http://blog.csdn.net/leshami
 mongodb-org-shell.x86_64 0:3.2.10-1.el7  
 mongodb-org-tools.x86_64 0:3.2.10-1.el7  

Complete!

三、验证安装结果

# rpm -qa |grep mongodb
mongodb-org-3.2.10-1.el7.x86_64
mongodb-org-mongos-3.2.10-1.el7.x86_64
mongodb-org-shell-3.2.10-1.el7.x86_64
mongodb-org-server-3.2.10-1.el7.x86_64
mongodb-org-tools-3.2.10-1.el7.x86_64

# rpm -ql mongodb-org-server
/etc/init.d/mongod
/etc/mongod.conf
/etc/sysconfig/mongod
/usr/bin/mongod
/usr/share/doc/mongodb-org-server-3.2.10
/usr/share/doc/mongodb-org-server-3.2.10/GNU-AGPL-3.0
/usr/share/doc/mongodb-org-server-3.2.10/MPL-2
/usr/share/doc/mongodb-org-server-3.2.10/README
/usr/share/doc/mongodb-org-server-3.2.10/THIRD-PARTY-NOTICES
/usr/share/man/man1/mongod.1
/var/lib/mongo
/var/log/mongodb
/var/log/mongodb/mongod.log
/var/run/mongodb

[root@localhost ~]# /etc/init.d/mongod start
Starting mongod (via systemctl):    [ OK ]
[root@localhost ~]# netstat -nltp|grep mongo
tcp 0 0 127.0.0.1:27017 0.0.0.0:* LISTEN 89958/mongod

# mongo
MongoDB shell version: 3.2.10
connecting to: test
Welcome to the MongoDB shell.
For interactive help, type "help".
For more comprehensive documentation, see
 http://docs.mongodb.org/
Questions? Try the support group
 http://groups.google.com/group/mongodb-user
> db.version()
3.2.10

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